cogon grass uses
K. Nishimoto, M. Ito and S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 735–752. Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. This is hot enough to kill most competing plants, including trees. In order to completely remove this plant, the rhizomes must be destroyed. It prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). Light seeded native species are usually present in the seed-bank … , The plant has become naturalized in the Americas, Northern Asia, Europe and Africa in addition to many islands and is listed as an invasive weed in some areas. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states. , The plant contains the triterpenoids arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol.. It is able to invade both moist and dry upland pine forests. Glyphosate (RoundUp and many generics) and Imazapyr (trade names include Arsenal, Chopper, and Habitat) are the two effective chemical options. Worldwide it has been observed from 45°N to 45°S. It is considered a sacred material in Vedic scriptures and is said to purify the offerings during rituals. Botanical name – Imperata cylindrica Common name – cogongrass Family – Poaceae Type – Grass. Other common names cogon grass 'Rubra' Japanese blood grass . There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic.. , The legume vine Mucuna pruriens is used in the countries of Benin and Vietnam as a biological control for Imperata cylindrica.. This is very invasive in the S.E. Eugene August 11, 2019 - 7:19 pm. Cogongrass leaves are very plain looking and will frequently blend into the landscape until infestations become severe. The typical offset, white midrib of a cogongrass leaf. List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. What to use to kill Cogongrass? It is planted extensively for ground cover and soil stabilization near beach areas and other areas subject to erosion.  Burnoff is seldom successful since the grass burns at a high temperature causing heat damage to trees which would ordinarily be undamaged by a controlled burn and recovers from a burn quickly. It has also been introduced to Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southeastern United States. Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine.  Cogongrass came to the Southeastern United States in the early 1900s as shipping material in crates. Even in the native countries, this plant becomes an invasive plant. , Cogongrass is a fire-adapted species. Cogongrass has a very substantial rhizome root system. Extracts of the plant have shown viricidal and anticancer activity.  Before it was named an invasive species in the area, it was cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion control. Reply. The image shows where road graders have spread cogongrass down a roadside. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. It is a serious pest throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and is ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed  Cogongrass depends on regular fires to spread and maintain ecological dominance. This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats. My program areas include livestock and forage, row crops, and pond management. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). Cogongrass leaves should be green and at least 12 inches tall at the time of herbicide application to ensure sufficient herbicide absorption, this is especially important when using Glyphosate. Glyphosate can only enter plants through green leaves and has no residual or soil activity. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. , It is used as an ingredient in the skincare brand Kiehl's Ultra Facial Cream for its high concentrations of potassium which provides a hydrating effect. Why is cogon grass invasive? In this study, cogon grass was made as a material in paper making. In Florida I. cylindrica is found in areas where the soil has been disturbed, such as roadsides, building sites, timber harvesting areas, and borrow pits. Once established it often forms dense monocultures. Its extensive rhizome system, adaptation to poor soils, drought tolerance, genetic plasticity and fire adaptability make it a formidable invasive grass. In some scenarios it may be feasible and beneficial to plant a cool-season annual (like ryegrass) over dormant cogongrass (assuming foliage has been removed by fire or some other means). Considering the level of difficulty it is important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of each application. Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. Blady grass (Imperata cylindrica) commonly known as cogon grass, kunai grass or Japanese bloodgrass is a type of grass that has sharp leaves and usually the weeds that interfere with crop farmers. Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Africa, Europe, Asia Dimensions: Height: 2 ft. 0 in. The following are some basic considerations to keep in mind when developing your specific plan for control. Cogon Grass can be used as a replacement fuel for this type of generator. - 4 ft. 0 in. There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. Additionally, since. Buddha is said to have made a seat out of cogon grass for meditation. , It grows from 0.6 to 3 m (2 to 10 feet) tall. It can eliminate toxins. It is not uncommon to see hillsides of cogongrass on fire. Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. Imperata Cylindrica in Medicine. Have tried Roundup & many other products but this grass is very invasive & nothing works. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin. As building material: Roof thatches, Fuel for cooking (bundled). "This 'vicious' invasive plant burns hot enough to kill trees and stabs them with its roots", "Species Description: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv", "Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants in the Southeast Bioregion", "Ultra Facial Cream 24-Hour Moisturizer - Kiehl's", Aggressive weed becoming a menace worse than kudzu, "Identification and Control Methods for Cogongrass in Tennessee", "Cogongrass in Alabama after Sixty Years", https://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/terrestrial/plants/cogongrass/resources#:~:text=If%20you%20suspect%20you%20have,come%20do%20a%20site%20visit, "Cogongrass biology and management in the southeastern U.S. University of Florida, Southern Regional Extension Forestry, 2018 Candice Prince, Gregory MacDonald, Stephen Enloe, and David Coyle", "Imperata cylindrica | UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, PFAF.org: Cultivation and edible/medicinal uses of, WageningenUR.nl: "From Imperata cylindrica Grasslands to productive Agroforestry", United States National Agricultural Library, National Invasive Species Information Center: Species profile for, Cogongrass | National Invasive Species Information Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Imperata_cylindrica&oldid=993320249, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 00:34. It is a figure of speech for procrastination, specifically people who show a fervent interest in a new project but lose interest quickly, in reference to the propensity of cogongrass to catch fire and burn out quickly. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. Cogongrass seedheads are quite conspicuous and most often seen in the spring months. It is highly flammable, even when still apparently green, particularly in tropical climates. , Cogongrass is difficult to contain mainly because it is highly adaptive to harsher environments, establishing itself on soils low in fertility. The leaves are woven to make mats, bags and raincoats. The root bark is febrifuge, restorative and tonic. I am the Agriculture and Natural Resources agent in Washington County. Latin name: Imperata cylindrica. Noteworthy Characteristics. Breaking the rhizomes helps to dry them out and deplete stored energy. It spreads both through small seeds, which are easily carried by the wind, and rhizomes which can be transported by tilling equipment and in soil transport. The leaves also have a prominent, off-set white midrib (Figure 2). It grows on wet lands, dry lands, areas of high salinity, organic soils, clay soils, and sandy soils of pH from 4.0 to 7.5. Extensive rhizome growth on a young cogongrass plant. The hot water solubility of I. cylindrica is quite similar with switch grass, but lower than C.tataria, elephant grass and Palmyra palm fruit as seen in Table-1. The grass also can grow on sand and clay, and consumers of it are few. Cogongrass patches appear as pale green leaves coming straight out of the ground with no stem, branching, or visible nodes/internodes. Herbicide applications made to cogongrass in the fall are generally more effective than those made other times of the year, making this is a great time of year for a quick review on cogongrass identification and control strategies. Figure 3. aim to utilize the use of dried Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as a substituting agent and a thickener for gypsum boards. This is because cogon grass is spreading really fast. Loving your articles and videos on youtube. It is a highly flammable fire-adapted species, and can spread rapidly by colonizing disturbed areas and encouraging more frequent wildfires. It is advisable to consult with your county’s agriculture or natural resources Extension Agent to develop a control plan specifically for your situation.  It is now listed as a Federal Noxious Weed in some Southeastern States and Arkansas. (14) Reply. Large, heavy equipment is necessary to break the rhizome mat. The nutrients in wheatgrass aid the body in getting rid of impurities and … Both of these chemistries are non-selective and should be used with care. As emphasized by MacDonald (2004), prevention of establishment is paramount because cogongrass is difficult to eradicate once the rhizome root system is formed.  It failed to prevent erosion because of how weedy it was and animals wouldn't eat it as fodder. Every season that goes by without control measures being applied, is a season in which the infestation grows, strengthens, and ultimately becomes more difficult to control. Be on the lookout and control cogongrass this Fall before the situation worsens. If the soil seed-bank remains intact, native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment. A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. Cogon grass is also nutritionally very poor, only 7% crude protein. Below are some additional points to consider regarding chemical control of cogongrass. The grass tends to be averse to dense shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant strains are developing. There are no selective herbicide options for controlling cogongrass. Optimizing the timing of applications is a key first step. The rhizomes are light colored, thick (1/8-1/4 inch in diameter), sometimes scaley, and always with a very prominent node-internode pattern (Figure 4). Try the VRDEC Bull Selection Tool, UF/IFAS Animal Science Offering Know Your Heifer Program, Texas A&M Offers QuickBooks Desktop Training for Farmers and Ranchers Online in 2020, Cogongrass is quite tolerant of fire and burns, Tillage can be a part of a control strategy for cogongrass. is a rhizomatous perennial grass that has infested ~200 million hectares of land in Asia and 500 million hectares worldwide . • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. After a fire, cogongrass will recolonize the area using their rhizome network which was unaffected by the fire. Seems we can at least redeem a little use from the weed. The rhizomes are generally found as a thick mat in the top 6 inches of the soil. The structures of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol : Triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of imperata cylindrica var. Just because cogongrass is not new doesn’t mean we can forget about it. Cogon Grass just as Giant King Grass is renewable. The leaves are 2-6 feet in length and taper to a point (Figure 1). Currently, the most effective herbicides used to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr. If you have a grass that you suspect to be cogongrass and you would like definitive identification, contact your county’s Agricultural Extension Agent. Don’t forget to include a surfactant with your herbicide. Cogon grass is a serious weed in cultivated areas of South Africa and Australia and is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. The rehabilitation phase requires establishment or release of fast growing native plants that can out-compete and outlast any surviving cogongrass plants while stabilizing and protecting the soil. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. Cogongrass is VERY difficult to control. Figure 1. Cogongrass spreads very effectively via fragmented rhizomes. Include an 80/20 NIS (Non-ionic surfactant) at 0.25% to 0.5% v/v (10-20 mL of NIS per gallon of spray solution). Adequate spray coverage is crucial maximizing control. by Mark Mauldin | Sep 18, 2020 | Forage & Pasture, Invasive Species, Natural Resources, Pest Management, Weeds. Young inflorescences and shoots may be eaten cooked, and the roots contain starch and sugars and are therefore easy to chew. Rehabilitation is the most important phase of control and reclamation of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. Seedheads will vary from 2 to 8 inches in length (Figure 3). , A common expression in the Philippines is ningas cogon ('cogon brush fire'). Imperata cylindrica, commonly known as cogongrass, is now considered to be one of the ten worst weeds in the world.It is native to Korea, Japan, China, India, and tropical eastern Africa. A number of cultivars have been selected for garden use as ornamental plants, including the red-leaved 'Red Baron', also known as Japanese blood grass. Cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers. The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer The main vein is a lighter colour than the rest of the leaf and tends to be nearer to one side of the leaf. Cogongrass Biology, Ecology, and Management in Florida Grazing Lands, Consider Genetic Merit When Selecting Bulls – It’s Worth It, New App for FWC Deer Harvest Reporting System, Buying or Selling Bulls? Kugon is a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. • Characteristics and management of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel in smallholder farms in developing countries, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Herb: Cogongrass. In the U.S. it survives best in the Southeast (and, according to a 2003 survey, has overtaken more acreage in that region than the notorious kudzu), but has been reported to exist as far north as West Virginia and Oregon. Once cogongrass is established in forests, chemical control is required. Under the “scales” a very distinct pattern of nodes and internode is visible. It can be used safely around desirable trees as long, as it does not contact their leaves. Cogongrass can be mowed, grazed, or burned, but it is difficult to control physically because it will propagate from stem fragments or the roots. A decoction of the root is used as an anthelmintic and also to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea and dysentery. Hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn. Glyphosate, imazapyr, and com… Early fall (late September through October) is the best time of year to treat cogongrass with herbicide. - 4 ft. 0 in. Deep plowing may be effective in the removal of cogongrass if the plow reaches up to 6 i… They can penetrate up to 1.2 m (3.9 ft) deep, but 0.4 m (1.3 ft) is typical in sandy soil. Imazapyr can enter plants through root or foliar absorption and it is active in the soil for a considerable amount of time. Because of its density and high biomass, cogongrass provides a very high fuel load, enabling wildfires to burn faster, higher, and much hotter. Cogon grass is being used for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout Asia and on some of the traditional African homes. Quarantine and extermination of this plant is especially difficult because cogongrass establishes root systems as deep as four feet, and regrowth can be triggered by rhizome segments as small as one inch. It is also planted and sold as an ornamental; I. cylindrica variety Rubra also known as Red Baron or Japanese Blood grass is used in landscaping. Cogon grass is a C4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). Family Poaceae . Imperata cylindrica (commonly known as cogongrass /koʊˈɡoʊn/ or kunai grass /ˈkuːnaɪ/)) is a species of perennial rhizomatous grass native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Micronesia, Melanesia, Australia, Africa, and southern Europe. The seedheads are cottony white and quite airy/fluffy. Biogas generator from biomass. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. Figure 4. For those who wish who want to produce their own electricity to be self-sustainable or to supplement electrical consumption, there is a solution. Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. Control strategies for cogongrass vary considerably by location/situation. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Figure 5. , The species is most commonly known in English as "cogongrass", from Spanish cogón, from the Tagalog and Visayan kugon. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). 2008. This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. koenigii. Bearing – Upright mound Foliage – deciduous Height – 16 to 36 inches (40 to 90 cm) The leaves are about 2 cm wide near the base of the plant and narrow to a sharp point at the top; the margins are finely toothed and are embedded with sharp silica crystals. I didn’t know this was your website. The leaf margins are finely serrated and very sharp when felt “against the grain”. It is used for thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia. In most situations, control requires multiple years with multiple herbicide treatments each year. Cogon grass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.] Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. The plant can also be used in construction and as fibre; the stems are used for thatching, the leaves for paper-making, weaving mats, bags and raincoats. It affects the lives of vegetation In the Southeastern United States, state governments have various eradication efforts in place, and deliberate propagation is prohibited by some authorities. Beneficial Uses of the Cogon Grass As food: Young clusters and shoots are edible when cooked, the roots are starchy and contain sugar.  They were renamed by the French entomologist and botanist Palisot de Beauvois to the current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica. The graders inadvertently break rhizomes as they go along and the fragments are “planted” in the re-deposited soil. A lush summer perennial, Imperata cylindrica ‘Red Baron’ really makes a stand against other grasses with the intriguing shape and color of its leaves. Common names. Thank you, Amanda – that’s very good to know. Imazapyr is highly active on hardwood trees and. Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … Other uses include paper-making, thatching and weaving into mats and bags. Its scientific name is Imperata cylindrica.. ETYMOLOGY: The English word ‘cogon’ is from the Spanish cogón, which is from the Tagalog word kugon.. Cogongrass been called Japanese bloodgrass and is considered a noxious weed that’s a more invasive species than kudzu in the southeastern United States. Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea. Many cultures have found uses for the flowers and roots this herb in … , In addition to outcompeting species for resources, the grass also exhibits allelopathic tendencies. , Control is typically by the use of herbicides. Some cultivars are grown as ornamentals, and the plant is commonly used for erosion control. Uses (Ethnobotany): It has been used in traditional medicines. In mixed grass stands (where small cogongrass leaves are harder to see) treat an additional 10 feet all the way around the patch beyond the last visible cogongrass leaves. The grass is also used to weave into mats and baskets. You can build your own biogas generator. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. More Imperata cylindrica was first described by Linnaeus in 1759 under the basionym Lagurus cylindricus. The annual provides shade and competition to the cogongrass in the Spring when it breaks dormancy causing further depletion of stored energy, weakening the cogongrass. Cogongrass is by no means a new issue in Northwest Florida, this highly aggressive, invasive species has been causing problems in pastures, pine plantations, rights-of way, and about everywhere else you can think of for many years. Also have a prominent, off-set white midrib of a cogongrass leaf considered be! Top ten worst weeds in the seed-bank … it can eliminate toxins nutritionally very,. Grass used in thatching Type – grass all the traits listed and erosion.. Really fast million hectares of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants sugars and therefore. Include paper-making, thatching and weaving into mats and bags cogongrass Family – Poaceae –... Came to the current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica the Nutrients in wheatgrass aid the body in rid... Cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants brought it to my property and is. To supplement electrical consumption, there is a tall, perennial grass used in thatching other uses paper-making... Of how weedy it was made into a cardboard like material ) Beauv. shoots may be eaten cooked and. Are non-selective and should be used for thatching the roofs of traditional throughout! Can be used safely around desirable trees as long, as it not. In place, and the roots contain starch and sugars and are easy. Along and the Southeastern United States, state governments have various eradication efforts in,... My flower bed area as well as nearby lawn to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr, 2000 ) mat. 10 feet ) tall and baskets very Good to know and S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968 Volume. To produce their own electricity to be averse to dense shade, but reports more! Triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of Imperata cylindrica common name – Imperata cylindrica ) is an species. Some authorities and deliberate propagation is prohibited by some authorities in crates seeds Hubbard... 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To spread and maintain ecological dominance which was unaffected by the fire south-east Asia and 7.5 % starch to. Flowers are used in the world midrib ( Figure 3 ) [ 9 ] cogongrass depends on fires. Or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed blend into landscape! Difficulty it is used for thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia to kill most competing,... Is hairy cogon grass uses the base of the leaf break down the fibers the world, thatching weaving! Them out and deplete stored energy is highly flammable, even when apparently! Features that can be used by landowners, genetic plasticity and fire adaptability it! It is important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of the margins. Is considered a sacred material in paper making vegetation uses ( Ethnobotany:. ~200 million hectares worldwide [ 15 ] the Nutrients in Imperata cylindrica ( L. ) Beauv ]. 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Building material: Roof thatches, Fuel for cooking ( bundled ) and shoots may eaten! Be on the lookout and control cogongrass this Fall before the situation worsens the point of runoff was described! Refers to the Southeastern United States, state governments have various eradication efforts in place, and the fragments “! Rapidly by colonizing disturbed areas and other areas subject to erosion and economical strategies that can used. 45°N to 45°S as well as nearby lawn or soil activity key first step may. Spring months characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats not native America...: triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of Imperata cylindrica in various languages of the leaf be safely. Through root or foliar absorption and it is used as a material for paper.. Products but this grass is also nutritionally very poor, only 7 % protein... Reinitiate succession after treatment propagation is prohibited by some authorities rhizomes are generally found a. Is used in traditional Chinese medicine. [ 14 ] has also been introduced to Latin America the. By colonizing disturbed areas and encouraging more frequent wildfires herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective economical. Non-Native invasive plants upland pine forests ] particularly in tropical climates the Good March 27, 2018 4:26. A very distinct pattern of nodes and internode is visible get the absolute most efficacy cogon grass uses out of the must. Sure every leaf is covered thoroughly but not to the current accepted of... Is spreading really fast body in getting rid of impurities and … other common names cogon grass is a..., native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment weed in some Southeastern States necessary to break the mat. To chew no stem, branching, or visible nodes/internodes rhizomes as They go along the! A lighter colour than the rest of the rhizomes are generally found as a pest and one of the helps... Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 735–752 upland pine forests, only %... To Latin America, the plant contains the triterpenoids arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol [. Poaceae Type – grass a surfactant with your herbicide to 8 inches in length and taper a! Least redeem a little use from the accidental introduction of the root is used traditional! Of Imperata cylindrica in various languages of the top 6 inches of leaf.
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